Your informational guide to ATV's and Four Wheelers...

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2010 Yamaha sport atv line up:

The YFZ450X is new to Yamaha's line of top performing sport ATVs and replaces the original YFZ450 as the best new ATV for tight, technical woods and trail riding. This new trail machine is 46.1 inches wide (versus the MX track width YFZ450R introduced last fall) with optimized suspension, fuel injection, and Yamaha's exclusive cast aluminum-steel hybrid frame. The light and nimble 450X is designed to carve through tight trails, over tree roots, rocks and almost anything else riders might encounter on a tough GNCC course or weekend trail ride. Both the new YFZ450X and YFZ450R feature the powerful 5-valve DOHC liquid cooled single cylinder 449cc engine and highest sport ATV performance technologies available.

The Raptor legacy continues in 2010 with four models providing a range of size and performance: the Raptor 700R (best selling big bore sport), the Raptor 350, the Raptor 250 (all-around best selling sport all terrain vehicles), and Raptor 90 (best selling youth..

Bridging the gap between pure sport action, and utility, capability with this high performance machine is the Wolverine 450 4x4. The Wolverine is one of the most popular sport utility ATVs offering riders a nimble off-road machine with a sporty feel and push-button 4x4 capabilities.


Yamaha's Grizzly 700 FI EPS, which introduced the first ever Electric Power Steering (EPS) on an ATV, continues to be the best selling big bore utility four wheeler. This leading utility machine has won numerous awards and shoot-out comparisons with leading features like Yamaha Fuel Injection, Ultramatic automatic transmission and On Command 2WD/4WD/4WD with differential lock - all set atop a comfortable ride with fully independent suspension.

The Grizzly 700 FI was the platform for the Grizzly 550 FI EPS introduced last year, which quickly became the best-selling 550-class utility. Other popular models in the Grizzly line include the Grizzly 700 FI (non-EPS), Grizzly 550 FI (non-EPS), Grizzly 450 4x4 IRS, Grizzly 350 4x4 IRS, Grizzly 350 4x4, Grizzly 350 2WD and Grizzly 125.

Yamaha's Big Bear 400 4x4 IRS sets itself apart with ITP Mud Lite tires and a semi-automatic five-speed transmission allowing the rider to choose the right gear for the conditions.

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Small open motorized buggies and tricycles designed for off-road use are called all-terrain vehicles, or ATVs. The vehicles are generally buggies and tricycles. The typical three-wheeler is trademarked by Honda.

There are various types of buggies, like the dune buggy, which is built to travel through sand dunes and beaches, or a kite buggy, which is a light vehicle powered by a traction kite.

The tricycle is similar to the bicycle, the only difference being that it is three-wheeled. Some tricycles are also motorized. However, sidecars and three-wheelers are not considered tricycles.

The four-wheeled versions of all terrains are commonly referred to as 'quads,' 'quad bikes' or 'quad cycles.'

Six- and eight-wheeled ATVs are also available for specialized uses. Though the rider can sit on them just as he would sit on a motorcycle, the extra wheels make them more stable at slower speeds. They are known as the AATVs (Amphibious All Terrain Vehicles)

They are also considered to be Off Road Vehicles (OTVs), like the jeep and the motorcycle.

The first three-wheeled All Terrain Vehicle was made by Honda in 1970. In 1982, Honda came out with the ATC 250R, which was the first model to have a full suspension, manual clutch and a disk brake. It was favored by hunters and was for purely recreational use.

In the later stages, All terrians had such features as four-wheel drives, long-travel suspensions and liquid-cooled two-stroke motors. The four-wheel-drive ATVs are largely used by workers, farmers and ranchers.

Safety concerns forced the production of three-wheelers to be clamped down in the late '80s. The front end of the three wheelers has only one wheel, and that makes it lighter. Flipping backwards and overturning are a potential hazard in tricycles, especially while climbing mountains.

In most accidents the driver first loses control of the vehicle. Other common types of accidents are collision with a moving or fixed object, and driver or passenger ejection from all-terrain vehicles. It is recommended that drivers never carry a passenger while operating all terrain vehicles.

There are two kinds of All Terrain vehicles today, the sports models and the utility models.

The sports models are usually light, small two-wheel drives, and therefore can accelerate quickly. They have a manual transmission and can reach speeds of up to 70 miles per hour.

They are generally built for racing purposes, and therefore should be lightweight and high-powered, with a good suspension and a low center of gravity. These machines are used in various races like motocross, woods, desert, drag racing, speedway and Tourist Trophy races, after modifications.

The utility models are bigger vehicles with a four-wheel drive. The maximum speed they can reach is 60 miles per hour. Utility ATVs are used for various tasks like hauling small loads or towing small trailers.

Popular producers of ATVs are Honda, Yamaha, Suzuki and Arctic Cat.

The new 2009 Raptor 700R by Yamaha..

Picture of the new Raptor 700R.

If the Raptor 700R had a little brother, it would be the Yamaha Raptor 90 All Terrain of 2009. All new for 2009 and styled like the 700R, the Raptor 90 delivers more fun and power than ever, thanks to its 88cc SOHC two-valve engine. Made for driving on a number of different terrains, this Yamaha has shocks that offer five-way preload adjustment, as well as a rear swingarm that gives you 3.3-inches of travel. Other features include a fully automatic CVT transmission, dual A-arm front suspension, rear disc brake, low-profile wheels and tires and a DC-CDI digital ignition timing control system. Base price of $2,349. Yamaha.

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